What is hyperpigmentation?
Many individuals around the world face a common skin pigmentation disorder known as hyperpigmentation. This disorder is caused by different factors such as vitamin deficiencies; excessive sun exposure without the proper protection; an increase in melanin production within the body; hormonal influence; aging; skin injuries or inflammation. Hyperpigmentation can be hereditary and is a treatable skin condition. This skin disorder can not cause cancer but can be mistaken with Melanoma. Hyperpigmentation can also be mistaken with Melasma- although both skin conditions are similar due to the discoloration on the skin, the causes are different.
Hyperpigmentation vs Melasma
Melasma is a skin condition that causes discoloration but derives from a change in hormones due to pregnancies. Melasma is also hereditary and is most common to occur for women. Although this condition is not life threatening, about 5 million people around the world face this condition and most probably are not aware if it is treatable- it is!
Hyperpigmentation vs Melanoma
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that is caused from excessive sun exposure without proper skin protection as a main factor. This form of cancer can be mistaken as a skin pigmentation disorder due to the discoloration that is likely to appear. Melanoma can cause new moles to grow or change the appearance of an existing mole. It is important to be aware of any skin changes and get regular checkups to be safe.
What worsens hyperpigmentation and how to reduce risks?
Factors that trigger hyperpigmentation to worsen are the UV light rays from the sun outside or even inside spaces that have windows. Anything that can cause an increase in melanin production risks a higher chance of hyperpigmentation. An important action that helps reduce the risk of hyperpigmentation and melanoma is the use of 30+ SPF sunscreen. Hyperpigmentation and melasma can be treated with a skin lightening product that contains natural ingredient. Another action that can be taken is consuming vitamins such as vitamin B12 and vitamin C- what’s better than nourishing your body while lightening your skin? Doctor’s know best when they say, “you are what you eat”!